How does carbon filtration work?

water from tap into glas

Are carbon filters safe for drinking water?

Fortunately, for home use today, you can purchase a carbon filtration system so that the water in your home is cleaned of impurities, making it healthier for your family. Instead of spending money on bottle water, a carbon filtration for water is not only healthier, but a money saver too!

Carbon water filters are rated for their removal of chlorine, taste, and odor, and their sub-micron carbon blocks that remove additional contaminants like cysts and lead. Based on this, since the material safety of most filters used in carbon filtration systems on the market are rated by third parties.

What do carbon filters remove from water?

According to studies by the Environmental Protection Agency, the activated carbon inside a carbon filtration system eliminates between sixty to eighty chemicals, while reducing up to thirty other chemicals. Other claims state carbon filtration system reduces hundreds of substances, contaminants, and other chemicals.  

The activated carbon quality is how the range of removal of chemicals and other contaminants is determined, and if carbon block or GAC is the form used. When choosing a carbon filtration system for the home, it is important to get the filter that best suits the local tap water and contaminants within that water system. While all filters for carbon filtration system are different, so is the water quality. 

The Environmental Protection Agency recommends only using an Activated Carbon in you carbon filtration system to remove the following groups: 

  • 12 different herbicides
  • 14 different pesticides
  • 32 different organic contaminants

 Chlorine – found in public tap water throughout North America with high levels of being regulated and tested before being certified as drinking water. It can give water an unpleasant odor and taste that activated carbon filter in carbon filtration system remove up to 95 percent.   

Chlorine is a halogen that is an efficient disinfectant, and when added to public water, it kills disease-causing pathogens like bacteria, protozoans, and viruses that are found growing in water supply reservoirs, in storage tanks, and on water main walls. Every jurisdiction has their own process to achieve a safe level of chlorine so as not to make the public ill. 

Chlorine bi-products that are removed in a carbon filtration system are Chloride, Pesticides, Herbicides, Nitrate, PFOS, Phosphate, Lithium, Nitrates, Pharmaceuticals, and Microplastics. 

Do carbon filters remove viruses?

No, carbon filters used in any carbon filtration system do not remove bacteria or viruses. Nor are they successful at removing inorganic contaminants that have dissolved in the water, or certain heavy metals. Occasionally, carbon filters are used with other water filtration systems such as reverse osmosis and UV water filters.

Carbon filter for installation

How long does a carbon water filter last?

Unfortunately, like most things that we use every day, activated carbon filters used in a carbon filtration system doesn’t have an endless lifespan. There are things that shorten their lifespan, and know those things, you can make them last longer. It is an important to know this lifespan and how to make them last as long as possible so that you get the most from your carbon filtration system.

The typical lifespan for an activated carbon filter used in a carbon filtration system is six months. The carbon filter used in a reverse osmosis system or a whole house water purification system has the lifespan of one year.

Which is better reverse osmosis or carbon filter?

The difference between carbon filtration vs reverse osmosis to help determine which is better for the carbon filtration in water treatment you may choose:

Carbon Filters Benefits

  • Removes Contaminants with an incredible porous material. 
  • Adds Minerals like calcium, iron, and magnesium
  • Easy Maintenance required every 3 months
  • Easy Replacement
  • Inexpensive
  • Leaves Water Tasty
  • Good for The Environment
  • Healthier
  • No Electricity Needed
  • Portable

Carbon Filters Disadvantages

  • Doesn’t remove all contaminants

Reverse Osmosis Benefits

  • Removes between 95 to 99 percent of all dissolved solids
  • Water Taste Better
  • Food Taste Better
  • Energy Efficient
  • Inexpensive
  • Simple Maintenance

Reverse Osmosis Disadvantages

  • If not maintained, clogs easily
  • Time consuming for the process of osmosis
  • Ongoing cost of filter replacement 

Clean water is important in our bathing, cleaning, and cooking. Every day, our lives depend on clean water. Whichever water purifying system you choose to use, knowing that you have taken the additional step to give your family clean and healthy water is important. Before you make the investment, do your research on the type of contaminants are in your water and get the system with the best filter for removing those contaminants. 

A carbon filtration system may be the most common of all, but the reverse osmosis has been around for years, providing purified water and with technology improvements of today, it provides even more purified water. Want to know if reverse osmosis or carbon filtration is the best option for your home? Contact Oliver's Pure Water today at (817) 205-6411!